How technology could change the world

How technology could change the world

Innovation is essential for the future well -being of society and economic growth, which are key priority fields for the World Economic Forum. To support these two pillars, the forum launched its technological pioneer community in 2000. The community is composed of the stage of the early growth stage worldwide that are involved in the design, development and deployment of new technologies and innovations, and avoiding having a significant impact on companies and society.

The program aims to give the innovators of the new generation a voice to solve global problems and the possibility of contributing to the exploration of future trends. Every year, the forum recognizes a new cohort of pioneers of technology and integrates them into their initiatives, activities and events. We have asked for our 2022 cohort from their point of view on the way technology will change the world in the next five years. From the maturation of advanced technologies such as Web3 and Quantum, to the management of flexible networks and manufacturing on request, here are their predictions for our short -term future.

Credit will be accessible

With an explosion of Internet penetration worldwide accompanied by the proliferation of markets or digital platforms, “work” will become the predominant way of working. This change has larger ramifications for low -rating workers / passes that generally represent more than 80% of the workforce in developing countries. Electronic internet commerce platforms, food delivery, shared trip, logistics, etc. Have low barriers to the entrance and create a multitude of profits in countries where there are not enough works for low -qualification populations. Workers can commit to many parallel platforms and maximize their income. Soon, digital labor markets will integrate financial services into their products that will make credit accessible to many people ignored by traditional financial institutions. Over time, technology will allow financial stability and discipline without the need for people to acquire relevant knowledge. AI and automatic learning advisors will become omnipresent, constantly recommending the next concert, next investment or next online course for us, really democratizing financial growth and well -being.

Web technologies will revolutionize the world of commerce

By 2025, Web3 Technologies will have revolutionized the world of commerce, in the same way that web2 has transformed access to information. “Physical and Digital Figitals”?) “Things” will be listed and exchanged in an open and liquid digital market. At the beginning of the Internet, the information was mainly compared in online networks. However, the marginal cost of zero distribution, combined with the demand for the consumer, has led to the Internet of unique and open information that we enjoy today. Naturally, trade has taken longer to make the leap. With the exchange of physical assets, the need to manage the risk of counterparts, mediate disputes and guarantee the agreement, requires trust.

This trust is reversed in trust intermediaries or trusted vendors. Consequently, electronic commercial transactions are mainly divided into one of the many closed and owners systems. The advent of web technology allows the automation of regulations for intelligent contracts and the tokenization of physical asset trade transactions in a universal standard such as NFT. Like decentralized finance applications of “LEGO MONEY” they began stripping traditional finances, an ecosystem of protocols and decentralized applications of “Lego Commerce” will evolve to create an open market for things, where everyone can share the value that they believe.

The data industry will become more inclusive and affordable.

The amount of information, or data, in our universe and in ourselves has increased exponentially in the last decade. But with enormous growth, a variety of problems occurs: the confidentiality of the data, the management, access, and affordability are some of the largest areas of debate between citizens and managers. Who possesses my data? Is my phone spied on me? How much money are they based on companies? These questions become increasingly relevant as companies continue to collect our data, whether we pay them or not, and with or without our permission. Problems also persist in industries such as finance. Why pay a fortune for market data? In the coming years, while governments allow it, we will see that technology in the data industry becomes more inclusive and affordable as new companies enter space.

In the future, we will focus on human experience.

By 2027, we will return to our current digital interactions in the same way that we see our carbon shows today. Social networks have exposed the dangers of technology designed without humans in the center and its harmful effects on our mental health and our emotional well -being. A decade ago, we lose what we eliminate from our interactions: humanity, intimacy, depth and empathy. Real conversations instead of a massive influence. Interactions that make us feel closer to each other. In the future, we will focus on human experience. The transition to metavers will not be a technological change but a change in the sociological paradigm. Metaverse will be formed by the communication of our emotions, activated by technologies such as virtual and augmented reality and brain interfaces.

New materials, platforms, disciplines and senses will enter. We will redefine social contracts in the virtual world, where emotion, trust and security become our most important currencies. We will decentralize the experience of the platform in favor of the human being. We will give our daughter a relaxing caress on the other side of the ocean. We hold the hand of our deceased grandmother. We will appreciate these significant moments. Our interactions with others will focus on our human experience.

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Battery fueled construction will support sustainability efforts

The construction industry represents almost 40% of CO2 global emissions and a large part of this is driven by the urbanization of humanity. Fossil fuels continue to offer construction projects, which has led to approximately half a billion tons of CO2 emitted every year. The noise and the escape smoke of fossil fuel use also negatively affect the health of workers and local air quality. Change quickly. The industry adopts battery energy storage systems (ESS) adapted to construction sites that reduce carbon emissions by 80%; The remaining 20% ​​is the electricity carbon used to recharge the SSE. The electrification of mobile construction machines also makes giant progress towards marketing. All this is motivated by the progress of lithium-ion battery technology. Looking in the future, the ESS in the long term, which should only be recharged weekly, monthly or more, the recharge of solar or wind farms is a real possibility. The world is always finding the appropriate technological base for this long term, but there are several options: flow batteries, no flow batteries, the ESS based on gravity, ESS and hydrogen based on -And the winners or the winners are safe to emerge. In summary, the future of the way we build cities is full of potential.

The building will react and adapt dynamically to support human well -being and comfort.

90% of life is spent inside and buildings create 50% of carbon emissions. Its impact is simply massive; The same goes for the volume of construction data that could be used to obtain better results in people and the planet. Today, we see that the buildings become intelligent and automated thanks to increasingly profitable sensors and control points. The correctly connected smart buildings can react to a dynamic such as the state of the equipment, the occupation of space, the weather and more, using Ai to optimize the best impact. Most construction systems are always manually verified, but in the coming years, we will see this totally annoying status quo. The building will react and adapt dynamically to support human well -being and comfort; Minimize carbon emissions;

And includes the interoperability of construction with construction that allows real wireless applications for the built environment. The realization of this change will be a fundamental transformation of the construction industry; The appearance of twin digital technology and 5g / 6g as key tools that allow new ways to evaluate and optimize value during the construction life cycle to construction in operations; And the growing understanding of energy as a cost not only for portfolio holders, but also as a responsibility of those who cannot follow new regulatory frameworks and ESG.

References:

weforum.org

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